Vision plays an essential role in ensuring hundreds of autonomous mobile robots, moving at speeds up to 20+ miles per hour, can accurately determine their position and sense each other to avoid collision. Symbotic is pushing the limits on vision with its mobile robots — achieving real breakthroughs in speed and accuracy.
Each robot has multiple RGB cameras that can guide its movements and help it maneuver around obstacles. Two cameras on both the front and back will give the bots binocular vision for depth perception and enhanced object detection. Giving bots the ability to “see” means they can move faster with greater precision.
A 3-D camera helps the bots validate the dimensions and position of a case and also look for anomalies before attempting to handle it. The camera monitors the payload bay as the bot moves to ensure the load doesn’t shift. This reduces the possibility of errors and spills.
Vision technology is especially critical as cases are assembled into pallets to be shipped to customers. First, vision systems in the outbound cells ensure each case is oriented and positioned correctly for pick-up and placement.
Then the entire pallet area is 3-D mapped in real-time, so the robot knows exactly where to place each case as it builds an ultra-tall, dense and stable pallet. The vision system sees when a case is misaligned or out of position and compensates to ensure pallet stability.
Autonomous robots empowered with computer vision, combined with artificial intelligence, machine learning and neural networks, enable world class performance, reliability and scalability of the Symbotic System.